Russian writer, philosopher, historian, & political prisoner who brought awareness to the Soviet Gulag system.
Japanese bacteriologist born in 1876. Known for his work on syphilis & unethical human experimentation.
English actor known for roles inÂ horror films incl. Frankenstein’s monsterÂ inÂ Frankenstein & its sequels.
German writer born in 1917. Recipient of the Georg Buchner Prize & the Nobel Prize for Literature.
Chinese noblewoman, concubine, & later regent who controlled the Qing dynasty from 1861-1908.
German spiritual teacher, poet, & painter born in 1876.
FrenchÂ post-ImpressionistÂ artist born in 1859 & best known for devisingÂ chromoluminarismÂ &Â pointillism.
Queen of Scotland from 1503 to 1513 by marriage to King James IV.
American radical temperance activist known for attacking taverns with a hatchet before Prohibition.
American public intellectual, conservative author, & political commentator born in 1925.