German psychiatrist & author of the foundational work Psychopathis Sexualis, born in 1840.
Italian automotive engineer, auto maker, industrialist, & racer born in 1898.
FrenchÂ satiricalÂ caricaturist, journalist, & director of French magazine Charlie Hebdo, born in 1967.
French fashion designer, businesswoman, & founder and namesake of the Chanel brand, born 1883.
Dutch exotic dancer & courtesan convicted of being a spy for Germany during World War I.
German American professor of ethics & founder of the Ethical Culture movement, born in 1851.
French painter of the Barbizon school born in 1807.
Italian scholar & poet during the early Italian Renaissance. He was one of the earliest humanists.
American singer, pianist, and songwriterÂ born in 1862. First woman to sell one million copies of a song.
AmericanÂ naturalist,Â ornithologist,Â marine biologist,Â entomologist, explorer, & author born in 1877.