Stephen Hawking

English theoretical physicist, cosmologist, & author known for his book, A Brief History of Time.

Joseph Jackson Lister

English optician & physicist, born in 1786, & known for his improvements on the optical microscope.

David Brewster

English scientist, inventor, author, & academic administrator born in 1781. Known for work in physical optics.

Alfred Landé

German-American physicist born in 1888. Known for his contributions to quantum theory.

Marie Curie

Polish-French physicist & chemist famous for work in radioactivity. First woman to win a Nobel Prize (1903).

Jean Baptiste Perrin

French Nobel-prize-winning physicist who verified Einstein’s theory of the atomic nature of matter.

Niels Bohr

Danish Nobel-Prize-winning physicist known for contributions to atomic structure & quantum theory.

Enrico Fermi

Italian physicist & creator of the world’s first nuclear reactor, the Chicago Pile-1.

Albert Einstein

German-born theoretical physicist & Nobel Laureate born in 1879. He developed the theory of relativity.

Ettore Majorana

Italian theoretical physicist born in 1906. He worked on neutrino masses.