PolishÂ general, writer, poet, historian, and political activist born in 1814.
French-American historian & philosopher of education born in 1907.
French statesman, historian, & writer born in 1853.
French intellectual & influential figure in metaphysics born in 1886.
American author born in 1921 & known for The Autobiography of Malcolm X & Roots: The Saga of an American Family.
French comparativeÂ philologist,Â born in 1898, & known for his major contributions to mythography.
Swiss historian of art & culture born in 1818. One of the major progenitors of cultural history.
Russian, Israeli, & American scholar born in 1895. Author of the 1950 bestseller, Worlds in Collision.
German historian & diplomat born in 1854. Nominated six times for the Nobel Prize in Literature.
French historian & professor born in 1871. Served as a Republican Federation deputy for Vosges.