Ludwik Mieroslawski

Polish general, writer, poet, historian, and political activist born in 1814.

Jacques Barzun

French-American historian & philosopher of education born in 1907.

René Guénon

French intellectual & influential figure in metaphysics born in 1886.

Alex Haley

American author born in 1921 & known for The Autobiography of Malcolm X & Roots: The Saga of an American Family.

Georges Dumezil

French comparative philologist, born in 1898, & known for his major contributions to mythography.

Jacob Burckhardt

Swiss historian of art & culture born in 1818. One of the major progenitors of cultural history.

Immanuel Velikovsky

Russian, Israeli, & American scholar born in 1895. Author of the 1950 bestseller, Worlds in Collision.

Ludwig Pastor

German historian & diplomat born in 1854. Nominated six times for the Nobel Prize in Literature.

Louis Madelin

French historian & professor born in 1871. Served as a Republican Federation deputy for Vosges.