Queen Elisabeth

Empress of Austria & Queen of Hungary by marriage to Emperor Franz Joseph I, born in 1837.

Empress Dowager Cixi

Chinese noblewoman, concubine, & later regent who controlled the Qing dynasty from 1861-1908.

Empress Kojun

Member of the Imperial House of Japan, wife of Emperor Shōwa, & mother of Emperor Emeritus Akihito.

Princess Victoria

English royal born in 1868. Daughter of King Edward VII & Queen Alexandra, & sister of King George V.

Empress Josephine

French art patron & first wife of Napoleon Bonaparte, born in 1763.

Catherine the Great

Empress of Russia from 1762 until 1796—the country’s longest-ruling female leader.

Eugénie de Montijo

Empress of the French from her marriage to Emperor Napoleon III in 1853 until he was overthrown in 1870.