Benedict Arnold

American military officer best known for his defection to the English side of the Revolutionary War.

Cosima Wagner

Wife & muse of German composer Richard Wagner, born in 1837. Co-founder & director of the Bayreuth Festival.

César Baldaccini

French sculptor, born in 1921, at the forefront of the Nouveau Réalisme movement.

Jean-Claude Beton

Algerian French businessman, agricultural engineer, entrepreneur, & founder of the soft drink maker, Orangina.

Albert Hofmann

Swiss chemist born in 1906. First person to synthesize, ingest, & learn the psychedelic effects of LSD.


French model & actor born in 1928. Known for her comedic roles in The Pink Panther & What’s New Pussycat?.

Joseph Jackson Lister

English optician & physicist, born in 1786, & known for his improvements on the optical microscope.

Kim Philby

English intelligence officer & double agent for the Soviet Union during WW II. Member of the Cambridge Five.

Sophie Tucker

Russian-American singer, actor, & entertainer born in 1886. Known as “The Last of the Red-Hot Mamas”.

Ferdinand de Saussure

Swiss linguist, semiotician, philosopher, & one of the founders of 20th-century linguistics.