Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

Russian writer, philosopher, historian, & political prisoner who brought awareness to the Soviet Gulag system.

Hideyo Noguchi

Japanese bacteriologist born in 1876. Known for his work on syphilis & unethical human experimentation.

Boris Karloff

English actor known for roles in horror films incl. Frankenstein’s monster in Frankenstein & its sequels.

Heinrich Böll

German writer born in 1917. Recipient of the Georg Buchner Prize & the Nobel Prize for Literature.

Empress Dowager Cixi

Chinese noblewoman, concubine, & later regent who controlled the Qing dynasty from 1861-1908.

Bô Yin Râ

German spiritual teacher, poet, & painter born in 1876.

Georges Seurat

French post-Impressionist artist born in 1859 & best known for devising chromoluminarism & pointillism.

Margaret Tudor

Queen of Scotland from 1503 to 1513 by marriage to King James IV.

Carry Nation

American radical temperance activist known for attacking taverns with a hatchet before Prohibition.

William F. Buckley Jr.

American public intellectual, conservative author, & political commentator born in 1925.